Delaunay Triangulation: from the Voronoi Diagram
The Delaunay triangulation of a set of points in the plane divides the plane into a number of triangles, plus one open figure. The set of triangles is the "best" in the sense that:
The Delaunay triangulation is also the dual of the Voronoi diagram of these points. An edge of the triangulation maps to an edge of the diagram; a triangle maps to a Voronoi vertex; a vertex of the triangulation maps to a Voronoi cell.
This is the algorithm which is illustrated here. We begin with the Voronoi diagram of the set of points, and from it construct the Delaunay triangulation. The Voronoi diagram is computed by the intersecting half-plane algorithm; then, an edge of the Voronoi diagram is removed and the corresponding Delaunay edge is inserted. A Voronoi edge separates two points; the Delaunay edge connects them.
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